General field of research
Chiara Gianollo, Alma Mater Studiorum - Università di Bologna
This project aims to analyse the practices of multilingualism in compulsory schools, privileged places of social coexistence redefined by the current phenomenon of immigration. One of its goals is to produce innovative teaching tools and strategies based on linguistic research.
Through the project, the research group created a teaching tool that can help teachers working in multilingual environments make the teaching of the Italian language more effective, and in general improve linguistic education across disciplines. This teaching tool addresses the new challenges posed in Italian schools by classes made up of many students with a migration background, born abroad or in Italy. The approach is scientific and innovative, based on original research emerging from the observation of current practices and built on a network of experts of the different languages that most frequently come into contact with Italian in school contexts. It is inspired by the principle that in a multilingual class it is not possible to teach Italian without considering the mother tongues of students with a migration background, as the previous linguistic memory necessarily conditions the learning process.
The teaching tool took the form of a book, available in paper or digital format, whose chapters directly compare the main traits of Italian grammar with those of the languages of students with a migration background. The information presented in the volume is designed for teachers to involve bilingual students more actively in class activities, thanks to references to and comparisons with their mother tongues.
The project aims to help students whose mother tongue is not Italian to overcome linguistic disadvantages; above all, its goal is to transform the phenomenon of multilingualism into situations that enhance and improve the cultural experience of the entire class.